Publication |Sophia Linguistica

Teachers’ Perceptions toward Developing High School Students’ Speaking Fluency and Fluency Strategies in Japan: Designing a Teacher Training Workshop


Tomohide Warabi


There has been growing attention paid to communicative language teaching in many
Asian countries including Japan where the traditional method of “presentation, practice,
and production” procedures has been implemented for a long time. The method has been
criticized by researchers along with educational reform led by the Japanese government.
This study investigated teachers’ needs in order to design a teacher training workshop
based on fluency-focused speaking strategies and tasks for students. The overall aim of
this study was to explore the process of transformation of the teachers’ perceptions toward
teaching speaking fluency and fluency strategies offered in a teacher training workshop.
Participants’ perceptions of speaking fluency did not change after the workshop. However,
the workshop influenced their perceptions of speaking strategies.