1月27日（金）Pramod Kumar Sur氏 (アジア成長研究所)のセミナーを開催いたします。
報告者：Pramod Kumar Sur (アジア成長研究所)
場所：2号館11階経済学部会議室B & ZOOM (HyFlex)
タイトル： The Political Origins of Missing Women
要旨： In the 1990s, Amartya Sen coined the phrase “missing women,” demonstrating a terrible deficit of women in the developing world, and in India alone, about 37 million women are missing. What explains such a tragic phenomenon? In this paper, I study the political origins of missing women in India. By examining a historical event, I present evidence that a short-term policy implemented by the government can induce significant changes in sex ratios and initiate long-term persistent effects. In particular, I examine the draconian forced sterilization policy implemented by the Indian government between 1976 and 1977, under which more than 8 million individuals were sterilized. Using Vital Statistics, I first demonstrate that the forced sterilization policy led to a sharp rise in infant deaths between 0-7 days. Using the Census dataset and employing a Difference-in-Difference and event study estimation approach, I further document that the policy increased the ratio of boys to girls and caused a sizable decline in the number of girls.