担当教員:辻上 奈美江 TSUJIGAMI, Namie

教員からのコメント Comment of Professor

Women in the Middle East are often portrayed as voiceless victim who should be saved. But such an assumption oversimplifies the lives of women. This course will provide a basic overview of modern history of women in the Middle East, including how they were portrayed by the Orientalist in the early modern period, and how women from the Middle East resisted to such portrayals. In the meantime, we closely look at the rise and development of women's movements in various countries in the region, which of course includes failures and disappearance. The course aims at obtaining holistic understanding on the gender and women in the Middle East.


学生からの声 class interview

This course explores the history of women and feminist movements in the Middle East, unpacks orientalist representations of Middle Eastern women, and fosters nuanced understandings of women’s lived experiences in countries ranging from Tunisia to Israel. The course consists of on-demand lecture videos, reaction papers, and occasional in-person classes where we discuss a short film depicting the lives of people living in Middle Eastern societies. The reason that I decided to take class can trace back to my first year when I took another class of Prof. Tsujigami on the history of feminist movements throughout the world and the concept of intersectionality. It was an eye-opening class that deepened my interest in gender issues. To learn more about how women in different Middle Eastern societies experience and navigate gender inequalities based on their varying socioeconomic contexts I decided to take another class by Prof. Tsujigami. I also wanted to learn more about the influences of Western colonial and orientalist thought in shaping the widely held images of Arab women as ‘voiceless’ or ‘powerless’ victims needing to be saved from their religion and culture. Through this class, I have also learned how the problem of gender inequality in Middle Eastern societies is far more complex than it seems and applying intersectional lenses could be helpful in deepening our understanding of the issue.
One of the unique aspects about this class is that we can watch short films based in Middle Eastern societies, as well as the time to openly discuss the films together. There are many valuable points that can be discovered and gained from watching films. For instance, these allow us to enter into the worlds of the characters and to experience what it might be like to live in their social, political, and economic contexts — something that cannot be as effectively expressed through lectures or readings. Through the class discussions that follow the films, we are able to further expand our perspectives. Not only has this course deepened my understanding of the history of feminist movements and gender-based struggles in the Middle East, but it has also been a good opportunity for me to take a deeper look within myself and to notice the assumptions or preconceptions I might have towards women living in Middle Eastern societies. I hope this will help me to approach discussions and debates surrounding gender issues in the Middle East from a broader perspective, as well as help me to build bridges with women from these cultures in the years ahead.
(Mana Short, 3rd year, Faculty of Global Studies)

(総合グローバル学部 3年生 Mana Short)

This class looks at gender, sexuality, and ethnicity/race in the Middle East in an agentive and critical manner. I took this class because I wanted to challenge my preconceptions about the Middle East and the women living there. I was most interested in its focus on the voices of Middle Eastern women rather than constantly victimizing them. I would like to have had this class in-person or in a hybrid format to discuss it with fellow students and the professor more.
(2nd year, Faculty of Global Studies)

(総合グローバル学部 2年生)