1-1 Sophia University Education (Undergraduate)

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Sophia University Education (Undergraduate)

1-1-1  Number of undergraduate students

Since AY2011 the number of undergraduate students has shown a substantial upward trend and reached its peak in AY2016, stabilizing at about 12,500 thereafter. This is due to the establishment of the Department of Nursing under the Faculty of Human Sciences (AY2011); a change of the quotas of faculties and departments for entrance (AY2012); and the establishment of the Faculty of Global Studies (AY2014), as well as an increase in the full quotas of the Department and Faculties after their students have been promoted to higher years.
(calculations conducted as of May 1 of each academic year)

Recent establishments and reorganization of faculties

Faculty Academic Year Recent establishments / reorganization
Faculty of Human Sciences (established in AY 2005) 2005
Established the Department of Education, the Department of Psychology, the Department of Sociology, and the Department of Social Service.(Moved from the Faculty of Humanities)
2011
Established the Department of Nursing.
Faculty of Liberal Arts (established in AY 2006) 2006
Established the Department of Liberal Arts.
(Reorganized the Department of Comparative Culture, the Department of Japanese Language and Studies under the Faculty of Comparative Culture)
Faculty of Global Studies (established in AY 2014) 2014
Established the Department of Global Studies.
Faculty of Science and Technology 2008
Established the Department of Materials and Life Sciences, the Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the Department of Information and Communication Sciences.
(Reorganized the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, the Department of Mathematics, the Department of Physics and the Department of Chemistry)

1-1-2  New undergraduate enrollees

The number of new enrollees was shifting around 2,500 until AY2011 but has increased to 2,800-3,000 since AY2012 due to changes made in the undergraduate admissions capacity in AY2012 and additional admissions capacity following establishment of the Department of Nursing in the Faculty of Human Sciences (AY2011) and the Faculty of Global Studies (AY2014).

✽ New enrollees were calculated as follows:
● Only first-year students were included (re-enrollments were not counted).
● Included autumn semester enrollments in the English-medium programs of the Faculty of Liberal Arts and the Faculty of Science and Technology

1-1-3  Undergraduate admissions trends

In AY2019, the number of applicants for the general entrance examination (using TEAP and by subject) was 27,916, a drastic decrease of 3,265 from the preceding academic year. This is thought to be the result of a decrease in the number of successful candidates in the preceding academic year due to the required observance of quotas for entrance.

1-1-4  Number of graduates

The number of graduates is subject to change from year to year depending on the number of new enrollees (refer to “New undergraduate enrollees”) and the holdover rate (refer to Four-year graduation rate). The number of graduates has followed a growing trend since AY2014, impacted by an increase in admissions owing to the establishment and re-organization of faculties and departments as well as admissions capacity changes beyond AY2011.

・Number of early graduations
As of AY2019, faculties with early graduation programs are: the Faculties of Law, Economics, Global Studies, Liberal Arts and Science and Technology. The Faculty of Liberal Arts produces early graduates every year, and the Faculties of Law and Economics also graduate several students early almost every year, while the Faculty of Science and Technology has permitted only a total of three students to graduate early to date. The Faculty of Global Studies had its first early graduates in AY2019.

・Four-year graduation rate
The chart below exhibits the percentage of students graduating within four years (8 semesters) against the total of students newly admitted (excluding transfers, re-enrollment and second Bachelor’s degree candidates) during the period AY2007-2015. The percentage for the entire university has constantly remained within a range of 70-75%, with no radical change. Significant changes are observed in the Faculty of Theology due to the small number of new enrollees. The Faculty of Foreign Studies exhibits a relatively low percentage of students graduating within four years, presumably because a large portion of students study abroad (registered as “leave of absence” or “study abroad”). The system does not permit students taking leave of absence to graduate within four years. Students who miss a year for “study abroad (exchange programs or study abroad in general” are permitted to graduate in four years by the rule, but are often enrolled for at least five years due to the time required for job-seeking activities.

1-1-5  Undergraduate students on leave of absence

The number of students taking a leave of absence has shown a tendency to increase since AY2010. Since AY2012 in particular, the percentage of students taking a leave of absence has tended to increase, presumably mainly due to a revision of tuition and fees implemented in AY2014 and the earlier reduction of tuition and fees due during a leave of absence in AY2013.
The proportion of students being absent from school for reasons of “study abroad” is the highest, and exceeding 40%. The Faculty with the most students taking a leave of absence is the Faculty of Foreign Studies, followed by the Faculty of Humanities. Both Faculties see a high percentage of their students taking a leave of absence to “study abroad.”

1-1-6  Undergraduate withdrawals

The percentage of withdrawals (the ratio of total number of withdrawals during an academic year to total students as of May 1 of each academic year) has shifted within a range of 1.0%-1.3%. No significant trends can be identified and no particular differences can be observed among faculties or reasons of withdrawals.

1-1-7  Number of undergraduate courses offered

The number of full-year courses dropped drastically in AY2013 due to the reorganization of language courses into semester-based courses. Other courses followed and by AY2015, nearly all courses offered, with the exception of those offered to students under the former curriculum, became semester-based.
The number of courses offered has remained almost at the same level since AY2015 as a whole. Considering that the Faculty of Global Studies was established in AY2014 and increased the number of courses in 4 years until completion, it can be said that the number of courses offered by faculties other than the Faculty of Global Studies showed a downward trend in AY2015 to AY2017. The Guidelines on Undergraduate Course Curriculum Planning that are announced every June by the President stated that the basic policy is to reduce the number of courses offered for three years from AY2015 to AY2017. The fact that the downward trend is in accordance with the basic policy can be seen from the graph shown below.
Further, the number of attending students for 70% of these courses is a rather small 40 students; those attended by more than 200 students are a small minority.

[Faculties]
Note 1. Courses offered in summer sessions are included in the Faculty of Liberal Arts until AY2017 and in General Studies courses from AY2018.
Note 2. Courses offered by the Center for Global Education and Discovery are included in the Faculty of Foreign Studies until AY2014 and in General Studies courses from AY2015 (due to reorganization).

1-1-8  Teaching / curator license Courses

The figure below exhibits recent trends in the number of students who have “completed teaching/curator certificate courses” and those who have “acquired teaching licenses.” Events to be noted for the academic years shown can be described as follows:

1.Upon the establishment of the Department of Nursing under the Faculty of Human Sciences in AY2011, the Department was granted approval to offer courses for the acquisition of Yogo Kyoyu (nursing teacher) Type 1 certificates.
2.With the establishment of the Faculty of Global Studies, Department of Global Studies, in AY 2014, a curriculum was set for the acquisition of Lower Secondary School Type 1 (Social Studies) and Upper Secondary School Type 1 (Civics) certificates.

Sophia University Education (Graduate)

1-2-1  Number of graduate students

The number of graduate school students generally maintains a constant level despite some fluctuations.
The number of students in Predoctoral and Master’s Programs has been over 1,000 since AY2016, though it has varied a little. While the graduate school-specific numbers vary from year to year, the Graduate School of Science and Technology constantly accounts for approximately 40% of the total for Pre-doctoral/Master’s Programs. The number of students enrolled in a Doctoral Program has remained around 250, demonstrating limited change. The number of students in the Professional Degree Course (Law School) has followed a declining trend since AY2009.
(calculations conducted as of May 1 of each academic year)

State of the establishment / reorganization of Graduate Program
Pre-doctoral, Master’s program / Doctoral Program

Graduate School Recent establishments / reorganization ✽
Graduate School of Philosophy 2016
Suspended admissions.
2011
Established MP and DP in Cultural Interaction.
2016
Established MP and DP in Philosophy.
Graduate School of Humanities
Graduate School of Applied Religious Studies(established in AY 2016) 2016
Established MP in Death and Life Studies.

2018
Established DP in Death and Life Studies.

Graduate School of Human Sciences(established in AY 2005) 2005
Established MP and DP in Education, MP and DP in Psychology and MP and DP in Sociology (Moved from Graduate School of Humanities).
Established MP and DP in Social Services.

2011
Established Pre-doctoral Program in Nursing.

Graduate School of Economics 2007
Established DP in Economics and DP in Management (Reorganized DP in Economic Systems and Organizations.)
Established MP in Management.
Graduate School of Languages and Linguistics 2016
Changed name from Graduate School of Foreign Studies.

Graduate School of Global Studies (established in AY 2006) 2006
Established MP and DP in International Relations and MP and DP in Area Studies (Reorganized Graduate School of Foreign Studies MP and DP in International Relations and MP and DP in Area Studies.)
Established MP in Global Studies (Reorganized Graduate School of Foreign Studies MP in Comparative Culture.)
Established DP in Global Studies.

Graduate School of Science and Technology 2008
Established MP and DP in Science and Technology (Reorganized MP and DP in Mechanical Engineering, MP and DP in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, MP and DP in Applied Chemistry, MP and DP in Chemistry, MP and DP in Mathematics, MP and DP in Physics and MP and DP in Biological Science.)

Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies (established in AY 2005) 2005
Established MP and DP in Global Environmental Studies.

✽MP=Master’s Program, DP=Doctoral Program

1-2-2  New graduate enrollees

・Pre-doctoral Program/Master’s Program
The number of students has been fluctuating around 450. With the establishment of Graduate School of Applied Religious Studies, the number of new students has exceeded 500.

・Doctoral Program
Due to the small admission capacity, it is difficult to identify any significant trends. Only 40 students were newly enrolled in AY2011, but the number of students in Doctoral Programs has shown an upward trend in recent years.

・Professional Degree Course (Law School)
The number of new enrollees was the highest in AY2008 (117 enrollees) and has recently followed a declining trend.

1-2-3  Graduate admissions trends

1-2-4  Number of graduates

・Pre-doctoral/Master’s Program
The number of graduates per academic year has fluctuated around 400 until AY2016, but in AY2017 it exceeded 500.

・Two-year graduation rate (pre-doctoral and doctoral)
The figure exhibits the percentage of Pre-doctoral/Master’s students who were newly admitted to the university (excluding re-enrollments) in AY2008-2017 graduating within two years. Around 400 students are admitted every year, with some Graduate Schools welcoming less than 10 new enrollees in one academic year. Therefore, comparisons among Graduate Schools must take into account the size of different Graduate Schools. It should be noted that the Graduate School of Science and Technology, home to approximately 40% of total Pre-doctoral/ Master’s students, constantly graduates 90% of its students within 2 years.

・Doctoral Program
Around ten students complete a Doctoral Program every year.
The number of Course Doctors, shifting within a range of 20-30, includes not only graduates who have just completed their Graduate Program but also degree awardees by special arrangement (former students who completed their coursework without a degree, submitted their dissertation within three years of withdrawal, passed their dissertation defense and were awarded a degree). Several Thesis Doctors are awarded degrees every year.
Moreover, the completion rate of new students in the Doctoral Program (excluding those who reentered school) within three years varies widely from year to year. As there are academic years in which some graduate schools have no enrollees, the completion rate within three years is not calculated by graduate school.

・Number of early graduations (pre-doctoral and doctoral)
As of 2018, the Pre-doctoral/Master’s programs with early graduation programs are limited to the Master’s program in Theology (Graduate School of Theology) , Master’s Program in Law (Graduate School of Law), Master’s program in Economics and Master’s program in Management (Graduate School of Economics), Master’s Program in Global Studies (Graduate School of Global Studies), Master’s Program in Science and Technology (Graduate School of Science and Technology) and Master’s program in Global Environmental Studies (Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies). The only Doctoral Program with an early graduation program is the Doctoral Program in Science and Technology (Graduate School of Science and Technology).

・Number of graduates from Law School
・Professional Degree Course (Law School)
When the Faculty of Law was inaugurated in AY2004, both the two-year and three-year courses were restricted to a maximum of 50 students. However, in accordance with the changes put in place in AY2011, the maximum number of two-year students for AY2011–2014 was changed to 50; that for three-year students to 40; that for two- and three-year students for AY2015–2016 to 30; and that for two-year students to 15 and for three-year students to 25 for AY2017. Following AY2012 the number of graduates has tended to decline, which is a reflection of the huge decline in regular students that peaked in AY2009.

・Two-year graduation rate (Law School)
The figure below shows the percentage of students admitted in AY2007 to AY2016 (excluding re-enrollments) who graduated within two years for the Short (Two-year) Program and within three years for the Standard (Three-year) Program of the Law School (Juris Doctor Program). The percentage of Short (Two-year) Program students graduating within two years tends to be higher than the percentage of Standard (Three-year) Program students graduating within three years.

1-2-5  Graduate students on leave of absence

The number of students taking leave of absence from graduate school was constantly around 100 students until AY2014 but has shown a tendency to increase since AY2015. It is difficult to derive any conclusions regarding the reasons for taking leave of absence, as “personal reasons” and “other” collectively account for 50% every year. No significant differences can be observed among graduate programs, but Doctoral degree candidates have a higher tendency to take leave of absence.

1-2-6  Graduate withdrawals

No constant trends are observed in the number of withdrawals from graduate school (including those who have completed their studies). It is difficult to identify any trends as the total is a small number and no significant differences can be observed among Graduate Schools. The main reason for withdrawal is “employment,” which accounts for a large share every year compared to undergraduate students.

1-2-7  Number of graduate courses offered

There has been an increase in the number of courses since AY2018 owing to the fact that course work was established in Doctoral Programs in all specialties.
The Guidelines on Graduate School Curriculum Planning that are presented by the President every June provide that the number of courses in Graduate Programs should be basically maintained at the same level as in the preceding academic year. The number of courses has increased slightly owing to an increase in that number as the Graduate School of Applied Religious Studies was established (AY2016); increase/decrease in the number of guidance courses after teachers’ retirement and employment of new teachers; and alterations to the numbering rules on seminar registration codes. However, no substantial increase or decrease has been seen except in AY2011 and AY2018.

[Graduate Programs]
Note 1. Doctoral Programs and Master’s Programs are included in Graduate Schools, and courses offered by the Law School are included in the Graduate School of Law.

Note 2. Items to which registration codes are given and which do not fall within courses offered (master theses, study guidance and items equivalents thereto) are not counted. Guidance courses and intensive courses are counted regardless of whether there is a set number of class hours per week.